This database details those persons enumerated in the 1810 United States Federal
Census, the Third Census of the United States. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to the actual images of the 1810 Federal Census, copied from the National
Archives and Records Administration microfilm, M252, 71 rolls. (If you do not
initially find the name on the page that you are linked to, try a few pages
forward or backward, as sometimes different pages had the same page number.)
Enumerators of the 1810 census were asked to include the following categories
in the census: name of head of household, number of free white males and females
in age categories: 0 to 10, 10 to 16, 16 to 26, 26 to 45, 45 and older; number
of other free persons except Indians not taxed; number of slaves; and town or
district and county of residence. The categories allowed Congress to determine
persons residing in the United States for collection of taxes and the appropriation
of seats in the House of Representatives. Most entries are arranged in the order
of visitation, but some have been rearranged to appear in alphabetical order
by initial letter of the surname. Manufacturing schedules are scattered among the 1810 population schedules. This database is certain to prove useful for those seeking
early American ancestors.
The United States was the first country to call for a regularly held census.
The Constitution required that a census of all "Persons...excluding Indians
not taxed" be performed to determine the collection of taxes and the appropriation
of seats in the House of Representatives. The first nine censuses from 1790-1870
were organized under the United States Federal Court system. Each district was
assigned a U.S. marshal who hired other marshals to administer the census. Governors
were responsible for enumeration in territories.
The official enumeration day of the 1810 census was 6 August 1810. All questions
asked were supposed to refer to that date. The enumeration was to be completed
within nine months, but the due date was extended by law to ten months. Schedules exist for 17 states and District of Columbia, Georgia territory, Mississippi territory, Louisiana territory, Orleans, Michigan territory, and Illinois territory. There was, however, a district wide loss for District of Columbia, Georgia, Indiana Territory, Mississippi Territory, Louisiana Territory (MO), New Jersey and Tennessee. Partial losses included Illinois Territory, which had only two counties (Randolph is extant, St. Clair is lost.), and OH, all lost except Washington County. Some of the schedules for these states have been re-created using
tax lists and other records.
Taken from Chapter 5: Research in Census Records, The Source: A Guidebook
of American Genealogy by Loretto Dennis Szucs; edited by Loretto Dennis
Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking (Salt Lake City, UT: Ancestry Incorporated,
William Dollarhide, The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes, Heritage Quest: Bountiful, UT, 2000.