These records have been extracted from the remaining population schedules for the 1890 Federal Census, which was destroyed by a fire at the Commerce Department in Washington, DC on 10 January 1921. The surviving fragments consists of 1,233 pages or pieces, including enumerations for Alabama, the District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, and Texas. The records of only 6,160 of the 62,979,766 people enumerated survived the fire.
The original 1890 census enumerated people differently than ever before that time. Each family was enumerated on a separate sheet of paper. 1890 was the only year this was done.
The only surviving fragments are as follows:
District of ColumbiaQ, S, 13th, 14th, RQ, Corcoran, 15th, SE, and Roggs streets, and Johnson Avenue
GeorgiaMuscogee County (Columbus)
IllinoisMcDonough County: Mound Township
MinnesotaWright County: Rockford
New JerseyHudson County: Jersey City
New YorkWestchester County: Eastchester; Suffok County: Brookhaven Township
North CarolinaGaston County: South Point Township, Ricer Bend Township; Cleveland County: Township No. 2
OhioHamilton County (Cincinnati); Clinton County: Wayne Township
South DakotaUnion County: Jefferson Township
TexasEllis County: S.P. no. 6, Mountain Peak, Ovila Precinct; Hood County: Precinct no. 5; Rusk County: Precinct no. 6 and J.P. no. 7; Trinity County: Trinity Town and Precinct no. 2; Kaufman County: Kaufman.
Fields in this database include: given name, surname, relationship, race, gender, age, birthplace, father's birthplace, and mother's birthplace. If you cannot find your family in this database, it may be useful to look at Ancestry.com's 1890 Census Subsitute.
[This information comes from Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, eds. "Research in Census Records." The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy, rev. ed. Ancestry, Inc.: Salt Lake City, 1997.]