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 VERMONT CENSUS, 1790-1860

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Vermont Census, 1790-1860

U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Vermont from 1790 to 1860.

Description

This collection contains the following indexes: 1790 Federal Census; 1800 Federal Census Index; 1810 Federal Census Index; 1820 Federal Census Index; 1830 Federal Census Index; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1860 Federal Census Index; Early Census Index.

Extended Description

INTRODUCTION

By constitutional requirement, the federal government of the United States conducts an enumeration of the nation every ten years. Since the first census in 1790, the returns from these censuses have become an invaluable source of information for genealogists and others. This collection of census records contains a vast amount of information on millions of Americans.

Although the questions asked and information provided has changed since that first census, there is some basic information provided in all indexes. The name of the head of the household is provided from the first census. In 1800, age categorization and residence was added to the other questions regarding slaves, and number of males and females. In 1820, categorization of occupation was added. In 1830, categorization of deaf, dumb, and blind persons was added. In 1850, the name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and literacy was added to the questionnaire. In 1860, the value of real estate was an added feature of the enumeration. And in 1880 the census added questions relative to marital status, and parents' place of birth.

VETERAN SCHEDULES (1840-1890)

In 1840 an enumeration of living Revolutionary War veterans was included in the census. This was a list of names recorded on the back of the original printed census forms. Beginning in 1870, the enumerators asked questions regarding Civil War veterans and lists were compiled from these records. In both cases, only the name of the veteran is available.

SLAVE SCHEDULES

At the 1850 and 1860 censuses, an enumeration of slaves was performed. Full names were rarely recorded, yet each slave was numbered. Organized by owner, each person was listed with age, sex and color. With these details, along with other facts gathered outside the schedule, it is possible to locate a specific person without actually finding their name.

LIMITATIONS

Despite the wealth of information available in census indexes, there are limitations. These include incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, and incorrect information. Reasons for these problems include persons who refused to answer the enumerators questions, persons who lied in answer to the enumerators questions, persons missed by the enumerators, and human error in writing down the information originally or transmitted incorrectly.

For further, more detailed, information refer to Chapter 5 (pg. 103-146) in The Source, edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, or Chapter 9 (pg. 301-352) in Printed Sources, edited by Kory L. Meyerink.

RELATED DATABASES
 •  1790 United States Federal Census  1790 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Franklin, Grand Isle Counties, Vermont Business Directory, 1882  Listing of businesses, employees, and geographic locales in Grand Isle and Franklin Counties, Vermont
 •  Swanton, Vermont Church Records, 1858-84  Records of marriages and baptisms in St. Mary's Parish, Vermont between 1858 and 1884
 •  1860 United States Federal Census  1860 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Walter Colton, Three Years in California, 1846-49  The 1846-1849 journal of Walter Colton, member of California's high society
 •  Arizona Census, 1831-80  U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Arizona from 1831 to 1880.
 •  Georgia Census, 1790-1890  U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Georgia from 1790 to 1890
 •  Alabama Census, 1810-90  U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Alabama from 1810 to 1890
 •  Alaska Census, 1870-1907  U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Alaska from 1870 to 1907.
 •  Arkansas Census, 1819-70  U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Arkansas from 1819 to 1870





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