New York Census, 1790-1890   Search the New York Census, 1790-1890 Database For Your Genealogy. Build Your Family Tree While Discovering Your Genealogy.
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 NEW YORK CENSUS, 1790-1890

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New York Census, 1790-1890

U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for New York from 1790 to 1890

Description

This collection contains the following indexes: 1790 Federal Census Index; 1800 Federal Census Index; 1810 Federal Census Index; 1815 Port Arrivals Index; 1820 Federal Census Index; 1830 Federal Census Index; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1870 Federal Census Index; 1890 Veterans Schedule; 1890 Naval Veterans Schedule; Early Census Index.

Note: Accelerated Indexing Systems created indexes only for selected counties of the 1870 US Federal Census. This database includes indexes for the following counties: Dutchess, Kings, Queens, Richmond, Suffolk, and Westchester.

Extended Description

INTRODUCTION

By constitutional requirement, the federal government of the United States conducts an enumeration of the nation every ten years. Since the first census in 1790, the returns from these censuses have become an invaluable source of information for genealogists and others. This collection of census records contains a vast amount of information on millions of Americans.

Although the questions asked and information provided has changed since that first census, there is some basic information provided in all indexes. The name of the head of the household is provided from the first census. In 1800, age categorization and residence was added to the other questions regarding slaves, and number of males and females. In 1820, categorization of occupation was added. In 1830, categorization of deaf, dumb, and blind persons was added. In 1850, the name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and literacy was added to the questionnaire. In 1860, the value of real estate was an added feature of the enumeration. And in 1880 the census added questions relative to marital status, and parents' place of birth.

VETERAN SCHEDULES (1840-1890)

In 1840 an enumeration of living Revolutionary War veterans was included in the census. This was a list of names recorded on the back of the original printed census forms. Beginning in 1870, the enumerators asked questions regarding Civil War veterans and lists were compiled from these records. In both cases, only the name of the veteran is available.

SLAVE SCHEDULES

At the 1850 and 1860 censuses, an enumeration of slaves was performed. Full names were rarely recorded, yet each slave was numbered. Organized by owner, each person was listed with age, sex and color. With these details, along with other facts gathered outside the schedule, it is possible to locate a specific person without actually finding their name.

LIMITATIONS

Despite the wealth of information available in census indexes, there are limitations. These include incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, and incorrect information. Reasons for these problems include persons who refused to answer the enumerators questions, persons who lied in answer to the enumerators questions, persons missed by the enumerators, and human error in writing down the information originally or transmitted incorrectly.

For further, more detailed, information refer to Chapter 5 (pg. 103-146) in The Source, edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, or Chapter 9 (pg. 301-352) in Printed Sources, edited by Kory L. Meyerink.

RELATED DATABASES
 •  1790 United States Federal Census  1790 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  New York Supreme Court Plaintiffs, 1824-1911  An extraction of New York Chancery and Supreme Court records for much of the 19th century.
 •  New York Naturalization Petition Index, 1907-24  Naturalization petition records from New York County (Manhattan) between 1907 and 1924.
 •  New York City Reformed Dutch Marriage Records, 1639-95  Marriage records from the Reformed Dutch Church in New York between 1639-1695
 •  Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925  12,500 records of Chicago's Irish families, often immigrants
 •  Albert S. Evans, Life in California  Sketches of life in Golden state, written by an East Coast journalist
 •  Great Barrington, Massachusetts Directory, 1894  Directory listing more than 2,000 names for Great Barrington, Massachusetts in 1894.
 •  Marble Cemetery Records, New York City, New York, 1830-1937  Listing of persons interred in New York City's Marble Cemetery.
 •  New York City, Lutheran Church Records, 1834-54  Variety of church records from a New York City Lutheran church
 •  New York City, Public School Teacher Retirement List, 1895 - 1915  This database lists names of teachers who retired from teaching in New York City between 1895 and 1915.





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