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 NEW MEXICO CENSUS, 1850-70

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New Mexico Census, 1850-70

U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for New Mexico from 1850 to 1870.

Description

This collection contains the following indexes: 1850 Territorial Census Index; 1860 Territorial Census Index; 1870 Federal Census Index.

Extended Description

INTRODUCTION

By constitutional requirement, the federal government of the United States conducts an enumeration of the nation every ten years. Since the first census in 1790, the returns from these censuses have become an invaluable source of information for genealogists and others. This collection of census records contains a vast amount of information on millions of Americans.

Although the questions asked and information provided has changed since that first census, there is some basic information provided in all indexes. The name of the head of the household is provided from the first census. In 1800, age categorization and residence was added to the other questions regarding slaves, and number of males and females. In 1820, categorization of occupation was added. In 1830, categorization of deaf, dumb, and blind persons was added. In 1850, the name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and literacy was added to the questionnaire. In 1860, the value of real estate was an added feature of the enumeration. And in 1880 the census added questions relative to marital status, and parents' place of birth.

VETERAN SCHEDULES (1840-1890)

In 1840 an enumeration of living Revolutionary War veterans was included in the census. This was a list of names recorded on the back of the original printed census forms. Beginning in 1870, the enumerators asked questions regarding Civil War veterans and lists were compiled from these records. In both cases, only the name of the veteran is available.

SLAVE SCHEDULES

At the 1850 and 1860 censuses, an enumeration of slaves was performed. Full names were rarely recorded, yet each slave was numbered. Organized by owner, each person was listed with age, sex and color. With these details, along with other facts gathered outside the schedule, it is possible to locate a specific person without actually finding their name.

LIMITATIONS

Despite the wealth of information available in census indexes, there are limitations. These include incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, and incorrect information. Reasons for these problems include persons who refused to answer the enumerators questions, persons who lied in answer to the enumerators questions, persons missed by the enumerators, and human error in writing down the information originally or transmitted incorrectly.

For further, more detailed, information refer to Chapter 5 (pg. 103-146) in The Source, edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, or Chapter 9 (pg. 301-352) in Printed Sources, edited by Kory L. Meyerink.

RELATED DATABASES
 •  Lewis and Elizabeth Stickney, Records of a Calfornia Family  Collected letters and journal entries of an influential California family.
 •  1850 United States Federal Census  1850 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Dawson, Deaf Smith, Denton and Martin, Texas Census, 1900  Federal census listings for over 6400 residents of four Texas counties in 1900
 •  New Jersey Marriages, 1684-1895  Records of marriages in selected New Jersey counties between 1684 and 1895.
 •  Friedrich Gerstacker, A German Perspective  The perspective of a German adventurer in California
 •  Irish Records Index, 1500-1920  Name index to some Irish records contained in the Family History Library, Salt Lake City
 •  Burrard District, British Columbia Census, 1901: Coast District and Vancouver City  An extraction from the Burrard District, British Columbia 1901 census for the Coast District and Vancouver City.
 •  Frank Marryat, California Mountains and Molehills, 1855  Observations of an English adventurer in California between 1850-1855.
 •  Benjamin Avery, California Poetry and Prose, 1878  Poetic and descriptive tributes to the California landscape
 •  John Muir in the Sierras  Narrative of John Muir's first summer in northern California in 1868





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