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 NEW JERSEY CENSUS, 1772-1890

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New Jersey Census, 1772-1890

U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for New Jersey from 1772 to 1890

Description

This collection contains the following indexes: 1772-1822 Tax Lists Index; 1800 Cumberland County Federal Census Index; 1824-1832 Bergen County - Paterson City; 1830 Federal Census Index; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1850 Slave Schedule; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1870 Federal Census Index; 1890 Veterans Schedule; Early Census Index.

Extended Description

INTRODUCTION

By constitutional requirement, the federal government of the United States conducts an enumeration of the nation every ten years. Since the first census in 1790, the returns from these censuses have become an invaluable source of information for genealogists and others. This collection of census records contains a vast amount of information on millions of Americans.

Although the questions asked and information provided has changed since that first census, there is some basic information provided in all indexes. The name of the head of the household is provided from the first census. In 1800, age categorization and residence was added to the other questions regarding slaves, and number of males and females. In 1820, categorization of occupation was added. In 1830, categorization of deaf, dumb, and blind persons was added. In 1850, the name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and literacy was added to the questionnaire. In 1860, the value of real estate was an added feature of the enumeration. And in 1880 the census added questions relative to marital status, and parents' place of birth.

VETERAN SCHEDULES (1840-1890)

In 1840 an enumeration of living Revolutionary War veterans was included in the census. This was a list of names recorded on the back of the original printed census forms. Beginning in 1870, the enumerators asked questions regarding Civil War veterans and lists were compiled from these records. In both cases, only the name of the veteran is available.

SLAVE SCHEDULES

At the 1850 and 1860 censuses, an enumeration of slaves was performed. Full names were rarely recorded, yet each slave was numbered. Organized by owner, each person was listed with age, sex and color. With these details, along with other facts gathered outside the schedule, it is possible to locate a specific person without actually finding their name.

LIMITATIONS

Despite the wealth of information available in census indexes, there are limitations. These include incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, and incorrect information. Reasons for these problems include persons who refused to answer the enumerators questions, persons who lied in answer to the enumerators questions, persons missed by the enumerators, and human error in writing down the information originally or transmitted incorrectly.

For further, more detailed, information refer to Chapter 5 (pg. 103-146) in The Source, edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, or Chapter 9 (pg. 301-352) in Printed Sources, edited by Kory L. Meyerink.

RELATED DATABASES
 •  New Jersey Marriages, 1684-1895  Records of marriages in selected New Jersey counties between 1684 and 1895.
 •  1890 U.S. Federal Census Fragment  Remaining fragments of the destroyed 1890 U.S. Federal Census.
 •  1790 United States Federal Census  1790 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Prairie View Cemetery Inscriptions, Grangeville, Idaho  Listing of over 4500 headstone inscriptions in Prairie View Cemetery, Grangeville, Idaho
 •  Pennsylvania Census, 1772-1890  U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Pennsylvania from 1772 to 1890
 •  1820 United States Federal Census  1820 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Jersey City, New Jersey Directory, 1889-90  City directory for Jersey, New Jersey in 1889 and 1890
 •  Maryland Census, 1772-1890  U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Maryland from 1790 to 1890
 •  Chanceford Township, York County, Pennsylvania Church Records  Records from two churches in Chanceford Township, Pennsylvania.
 •  Renfrewshire, Scotland: Parish and Probate Records  A collection of parish and probate records in Scotland, from the 1500s to the 1800s.





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