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 MINNESOTA CENSUS, 1835-90

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Minnesota Census, 1835-90

U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Minnesota from 1835 to 1890

Description

This collection contains the following indexes: 1835-39 Tax Lists Index; 1849 Territorial Census Index; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1870 Federal Census Index; 1880 Federal Census Index; 1890 Veterans Schedule.

Extended Description

INTRODUCTION

By constitutional requirement, the federal government of the United States conducts an enumeration of the nation every ten years. Since the first census in 1790, the returns from these censuses have become an invaluable source of information for genealogists and others. This collection of census records contains a vast amount of information on millions of Americans.

Although the questions asked and information provided has changed since that first census, there is some basic information provided in all indexes. The name of the head of the household is provided from the first census. In 1800, age categorization and residence was added to the other questions regarding slaves, and number of males and females. In 1820, categorization of occupation was added. In 1830, categorization of deaf, dumb, and blind persons was added. In 1850, the name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and literacy was added to the questionnaire. In 1860, the value of real estate was an added feature of the enumeration. And in 1880 the census added questions relative to marital status, and parents' place of birth.

VETERAN SCHEDULES (1840-1890)

In 1840 an enumeration of living Revolutionary War veterans was included in the census. This was a list of names recorded on the back of the original printed census forms. Beginning in 1870, the enumerators asked questions regarding Civil War veterans and lists were compiled from these records. In both cases, only the name of the veteran is available.

SLAVE SCHEDULES

At the 1850 and 1860 censuses, an enumeration of slaves was performed. Full names were rarely recorded, yet each slave was numbered. Organized by owner, each person was listed with age, sex and color. With these details, along with other facts gathered outside the schedule, it is possible to locate a specific person without actually finding their name.

LIMITATIONS

Despite the wealth of information available in census indexes, there are limitations. These include incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, and incorrect information. Reasons for these problems include persons who refused to answer the enumerators questions, persons who lied in answer to the enumerators questions, persons missed by the enumerators, and human error in writing down the information originally or transmitted incorrectly.

For further, more detailed, information refer to Chapter 5 (pg. 103-146) in The Source, edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, or Chapter 9 (pg. 301-352) in Printed Sources, edited by Kory L. Meyerink.

RELATED DATABASES
 •  Henry Sibley, Autobiography  Unfinished autobiography of Minnesota's first governor, Henry Sibley
 •  Harriet Bishop, First Years of Minnesota  Historical sketchesof the early years of Minnesota
 •  Minnesota, 1870  Promotional literature for the state of Minnesota including pictures and maps in 1870
 •  Frank Moore, Reminiscences of St. Paul, Minnesota  Reminiscences of Pioneer Days in St. Paul from the perspective of a newspaper writer.
 •  E. S. Seymour, Sketches of Minnesota  Collection of sketches describing Minnesota as the "New England of the West."
 •  Jane Swisshelm, Letters of an Abolitionist  Letters written by Jane Swisshelm regarding the abolitionist cause and feminist issues
 •  Bill Ledyard, Health Benefits of Minnesota  Narrative describing the beneficial elements of Minnesota's character and climate
 •  Minnesota Guide, 1869  A hand Book of Information for the Travelers, Pleasure Seekers and Immigrants to Minnesota
 •  Benton, Meeker, and Todd Counties, Minnesota Farm Directory, 1913-14  An extraction of a farm directory for Benton, Meeker, and Todd counties in Minnesota between 1913 and 1914.
 •  William Folsom, Fifty Years in the Northwest  Autobiography of a state legislator and pioneer from Maine





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