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 MICHIGAN CENSUS, 1827-70

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Michigan Census, 1827-70

U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Michigan from 1827 to 1870

Description

This collection contains the following indexes: 1827 Territorial Census Index; 1837 Kalamazoo County Index; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1845 State Census Index; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1870 Federal Census Index; Early Census Index.

Extended Description

INTRODUCTION

By constitutional requirement, the federal government of the United States conducts an enumeration of the nation every ten years. Since the first census in 1790, the returns from these censuses have become an invaluable source of information for genealogists and others. This collection of census records contains a vast amount of information on millions of Americans.

Although the questions asked and information provided has changed since that first census, there is some basic information provided in all indexes. The name of the head of the household is provided from the first census. In 1800, age categorization and residence was added to the other questions regarding slaves, and number of males and females. In 1820, categorization of occupation was added. In 1830, categorization of deaf, dumb, and blind persons was added. In 1850, the name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and literacy was added to the questionnaire. In 1860, the value of real estate was an added feature of the enumeration. And in 1880 the census added questions relative to marital status, and parents' place of birth.

VETERAN SCHEDULES (1840-1890)

In 1840 an enumeration of living Revolutionary War veterans was included in the census. This was a list of names recorded on the back of the original printed census forms. Beginning in 1870, the enumerators asked questions regarding Civil War veterans and lists were compiled from these records. In both cases, only the name of the veteran is available.

SLAVE SCHEDULES

At the 1850 and 1860 censuses, an enumeration of slaves was performed. Full names were rarely recorded, yet each slave was numbered. Organized by owner, each person was listed with age, sex and color. With these details, along with other facts gathered outside the schedule, it is possible to locate a specific person without actually finding their name.

LIMITATIONS

Despite the wealth of information available in census indexes, there are limitations. These include incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, and incorrect information. Reasons for these problems include persons who refused to answer the enumerators questions, persons who lied in answer to the enumerators questions, persons missed by the enumerators, and human error in writing down the information originally or transmitted incorrectly.

For further, more detailed, information refer to Chapter 5 (pg. 103-146) in The Source, edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, or Chapter 9 (pg. 301-352) in Printed Sources, edited by Kory L. Meyerink.

RELATED DATABASES
 •  Michigan Marriages, 1851-75  Index to marriage records for various counties in Michigan.
 •  Michigan Pioneer Society Collections Report, Vol. 12  A collection of several kinds of important historical documents published by the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society.
 •  Irish Records Index, 1500-1920  Name index to some Irish records contained in the Family History Library, Salt Lake City
 •  Boston Vital Records, 1630-99  Comprehensive vital records for Boston's first 70 years
 •  Virginia 1910 Census Miracode Index  A phonetic index to the 1910 US Federal Census of Virginia.
 •  Iosco County, Michigan WWI Veterans Index  An index of WWI veterans who applied for a State of Michigan War Bonus, as well as some who died while in service.
 •  Iosco County, Michigan Naturalization Index, 1885-1910  An index to individual court cases dealing with naturalization in Iosco County, Michigan.
 •  Antrim, Ireland: Parish and Probate Records  A collection of parish and probate records in Ireland, from the 1500s to the 1800s.
 •  Pennsylvania 1910 Census Miracode Index  A phonetic index to the 1910 US Federal Census for the state of Pennsylvania.
 •  Ohio 1910 Census Miracode Index  A phonetic index to the 1910 US Federal Census of Ohio.





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