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 MARYLAND CENSUS, 1772-1890

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Maryland Census, 1772-1890

U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Maryland from 1790 to 1890

Description

This collection contains the following indexes: 1790 Federal Census Index; 1800 Federal Census Index; 1810 Federal Census Index; 1820 Federal Census Index; 1830 Federal Census Index; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1850 Slave Schedules; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1860 Slave Schedules; 1890 Naval Veterans; Early Census Index.

Extended Description

INTRODUCTION

By constitutional requirement, the federal government of the United States conducts an enumeration of the nation every ten years. Since the first census in 1790, the returns from these censuses have become an invaluable source of information for genealogists and others. This collection of census records contains a vast amount of information on millions of Americans.

Although the questions asked and information provided has changed since that first census, there is some basic information provided in all indexes. The name of the head of the household is provided from the first census. In 1800, age categorization and residence was added to the other questions regarding slaves, and number of males and females. In 1820, categorization of occupation was added. In 1830, categorization of deaf, dumb, and blind persons was added. In 1850, the name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and literacy was added to the questionnaire. In 1860, the value of real estate was an added feature of the enumeration. And in 1880 the census added questions relative to marital status, and parents' place of birth.

VETERAN SCHEDULES (1840-1890)

In 1840 an enumeration of living Revolutionary War veterans was included in the census. This was a list of names recorded on the back of the original printed census forms. Beginning in 1870, the enumerators asked questions regarding Civil War veterans and lists were compiled from these records. In both cases, only the name of the veteran is available.

SLAVE SCHEDULES

At the 1850 and 1860 censuses, an enumeration of slaves was performed. Full names were rarely recorded, yet each slave was numbered. Organized by owner, each person was listed with age, sex and color. With these details, along with other facts gathered outside the schedule, it is possible to locate a specific person without actually finding their name.

LIMITATIONS

Despite the wealth of information available in census indexes, there are limitations. These include incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, and incorrect information. Reasons for these problems include persons who refused to answer the enumerators questions, persons who lied in answer to the enumerators questions, persons missed by the enumerators, and human error in writing down the information originally or transmitted incorrectly.

For further, more detailed, information refer to Chapter 5 (pg. 103-146) in The Source, edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, or Chapter 9 (pg. 301-352) in Printed Sources, edited by Kory L. Meyerink.

RELATED DATABASES
 •  New Jersey Census, 1772-1890  U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for New Jersey from 1772 to 1890
 •  Pennsylvania Census, 1772-1890  U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Pennsylvania from 1772 to 1890
 •  1790 United States Federal Census  1790 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Maryland Marriages, 1667-1899  Marriage records from various counties in Maryland between 1777 and 1899.
 •  Chanceford Township, York County, Pennsylvania Church Records  Records from two churches in Chanceford Township, Pennsylvania.
 •  Renfrewshire, Scotland: Parish and Probate Records  A collection of parish and probate records in Scotland, from the 1500s to the 1800s.
 •  Shenandoah County, Virginia Births, 1853-71  Records of births in Shenandoah County, Virginia, brom 1853 to 1871
 •  Tryon County, North Carolina Court Minutes, 1769-79  Extracts of minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions in Tryon County, North Carolina.
 •  Judge Benjamin Hayes, California Diary  Pioneer notes from the diaries of Judge Benjamin Hayes, 1849-1875.
 •  Staten Island, New York Church Records, 1749-1828  Collection of birth, marriage, and death records from Staten Island, New York Churches between 1749 and 1828





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