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 IOWA CENSUS, 1838-70

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Iowa Census, 1838-70

U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for Iowa from 1838 to 1870

Description

This collection contains the following indexes: 1838 Territorial Census; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1841-1849 Tax Lists; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1851 State Census Index; 1852 State Census Index; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1870 Federal Census Index.

Extended Description

INTRODUCTION

By constitutional requirement, the federal government of the United States conducts an enumeration of the nation every ten years. Since the first census in 1790, the returns from these censuses have become an invaluable source of information for genealogists and others. This collection of census records contains a vast amount of information on millions of Americans.

Although the questions asked and information provided has changed since that first census, there is some basic information provided in all indexes. The name of the head of the household is provided from the first census. In 1800, age categorization and residence was added to the other questions regarding slaves, and number of males and females. In 1820, categorization of occupation was added. In 1830, categorization of deaf, dumb, and blind persons was added. In 1850, the name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and literacy was added to the questionnaire. In 1860, the value of real estate was an added feature of the enumeration. And in 1880 the census added questions relative to marital status, and parents' place of birth.

VETERAN SCHEDULES (1840-1890)

In 1840 an enumeration of living Revolutionary War veterans was included in the census. This was a list of names recorded on the back of the original printed census forms. Beginning in 1870, the enumerators asked questions regarding Civil War veterans and lists were compiled from these records. In both cases, only the name of the veteran is available.

SLAVE SCHEDULES

At the 1850 and 1860 censuses, an enumeration of slaves was performed. Full names were rarely recorded, yet each slave was numbered. Organized by owner, each person was listed with age, sex and color. With these details, along with other facts gathered outside the schedule, it is possible to locate a specific person without actually finding their name.

LIMITATIONS

Despite the wealth of information available in census indexes, there are limitations. These include incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, and incorrect information. Reasons for these problems include persons who refused to answer the enumerators questions, persons who lied in answer to the enumerators questions, persons missed by the enumerators, and human error in writing down the information originally or transmitted incorrectly.

For further, more detailed, information refer to Chapter 5 (pg. 103-146) in The Source, edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, or Chapter 9 (pg. 301-352) in Printed Sources, edited by Kory L. Meyerink.

RELATED DATABASES
 •  Iowa Marriages, 1851-1900  Index to marriage records from various Iowa counties between 1851 and 1900.
 •  William H. Davis, Seventy-Five Years in California  Seventy-five years in California as recounted and observed by one prominent citizen
 •  Irish Records Index, 1500-1920  Name index to some Irish records contained in the Family History Library, Salt Lake City
 •  Boston Vital Records, 1630-99  Comprehensive vital records for Boston's first 70 years
 •  1840 United States Federal Census  1840 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  1850 United States Federal Census  1850 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Columbia, South Carolina Newspaper Marriage and Death Notices  Collection of South Carolina newspaper notices from 1838-1860
 •  Richmond, Virginia Newspaper Obituaries, 1804-38  Listing of over 3800 obituaries published in Richmond, Virginia newspapers between 1804 and 1838
 •  Carroll County, Kentucky Marriages, 1838-1920  Records for nearly 17,000 men and women married in Carroll County, Kentucky between 1838 and 1920
 •  Aroostook War (Maine) History and Roster  Listing of men who served for the U.S. in the Aroostook War in Maine in 1838.





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