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 DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CENSUS, 1800-90

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District of Columbia Census, 1800-90

U.S. Federal Census indexes (and other related census indexes) for the District of Columbiafrom 1800 to 1890.

Description

This collection contains the following indexes: 1800 Federal Census Index; 1810 Federal Census Index; 1820 Federal Census Index; 1830 Federal Census Index; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1850 Slave Schedule; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1860 Slave Schedules; 1870 Federal Census Index; 1890 Veterans Schedule; 1890 Naval Veterans.

Extended Description

INTRODUCTION

By constitutional requirement, the federal government of the United States conducts an enumeration of the nation every ten years. Since the first census in 1790, the returns from these censuses have become an invaluable source of information for genealogists and others. This collection of census records contains a vast amount of information on millions of Americans.

Although the questions asked and information provided has changed since that first census, there is some basic information provided in all indexes. The name of the head of the household is provided from the first census. In 1800, age categorization and residence was added to the other questions regarding slaves, and number of males and females. In 1820, categorization of occupation was added. In 1830, categorization of deaf, dumb, and blind persons was added. In 1850, the name, age, sex, color, place of birth, and literacy was added to the questionnaire. In 1860, the value of real estate was an added feature of the enumeration. And in 1880 the census added questions relative to marital status, and parents' place of birth.

VETERAN SCHEDULES (1840-1890)

In 1840 an enumeration of living Revolutionary War veterans was included in the census. This was a list of names recorded on the back of the original printed census forms. Beginning in 1870, the enumerators asked questions regarding Civil War veterans and lists were compiled from these records. In both cases, only the name of the veteran is available.

SLAVE SCHEDULES

At the 1850 and 1860 censuses, an enumeration of slaves was performed. Full names were rarely recorded, yet each slave was numbered. Organized by owner, each person was listed with age, sex and color. With these details, along with other facts gathered outside the schedule, it is possible to locate a specific person without actually finding their name.

LIMITATIONS

Despite the wealth of information available in census indexes, there are limitations. These include incomplete information, mis-transcribed information, mis-recorded information, and incorrect information. Reasons for these problems include persons who refused to answer the enumerators questions, persons who lied in answer to the enumerators questions, persons missed by the enumerators, and human error in writing down the information originally or transmitted incorrectly.

For further, more detailed, information refer to Chapter 5 (pg. 103-146) in The Source, edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, or Chapter 9 (pg. 301-352) in Printed Sources, edited by Kory L. Meyerink.

RELATED DATABASES
 •  1810 United States Federal Census  1810 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Bute County, North Carolina Court Minutes, 1767-79  Extracts of minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions in Bute County, North Carolina.
 •  Burrard District, British Columbia Census 1901: Bennett & Atlin, Cassiar (Stikine), Cassiar (Skeena)  An extraction from the 1901 census for three subdistricts of the Burrard District in British Columbia.
 •  1800 United States Federal Census  1800 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Tryon County, North Carolina Court Minutes, 1769-79  Extracts of minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions in Tryon County, North Carolina.
 •  Sussex, England: Parish and Probate Records  A collection of parish and probate records in England and Wales, from the 1500s to the 1800s.
 •  1790 United States Federal Census  1790 United States Federal Census with links to images of the original surviving population schedules.
 •  Edgefield County, South Carolina Wills, Books 1-2  Index to wills from Edgefield County between 1836 and 1853.
 •  Essex District, Ontario, Canada Census, 1881 (Kingsville, Colchester, Sandwich, Pelee, Gosfield)  This is extraction of census records for Essex District, Kingsville, Colchester N., Sandwich W., Pelee Isl, Gosfield, Ontario 1881
 •  Annapolis district, Nova Scotia, Canada, 1901 census: Granville Lower - Lequille  





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