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 U.S. Federal 1930 Census Records

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The U.S. Federal 1930 Census

Description
This database will detail those persons enumerated in the 1930 United States Federal Census, the Fifteenth Census of the United States and is an every name index. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to the actual images of the 1930 Federal Census, copied from the National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, T626, 2,667 rolls. Currently only the names from Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine and Utah can be searched in this linked index. (If you do not initially find the name on the page that you are linked to, try a few pages forward or backward, as sometimes different pages had the same page number.)

Additional Information

The United States was the first country to call for a regularly held census. The Constitution required that a census of all "Persons..." be performed to determine the collection of taxes and the appropriation of seats in the House of Representatives.

The 1930 Census was begun on 2 April 1930, although the official start date was 1 April 1930 with the exception of Alaska, where the official start date was 1 October 1929. The following questions were asked by enumerators for all states and territories excepting Alaska: Name of street, avenue road, etc.; house number; number of dwelling in order of visitation; number of family in order of visitation; name of each person whose place of abode was with the family; relationship of person enumerated to the head of the family; whether home owned or rented; value of home if owned; if rented, monthly rental; whether family owned a radio set; whether family owned a farm; sex; color or race; age at last birthday; whether single, married, widowed, or divorced; age at first marriage; whether attended school or college any time since 1 September 1929; whether able to read or write; person's place of birth; father's place of birth; mother's place of birth; language spoken in home before immigration; year of immigration to United States; whether naturalized or alien; whether able to speak English; trade, profession, or particular kind of work done; industry, business, or establishment in which at work; whether employer, salary or wage worker, or working on own account; whether actually at work the previous work day; if not, line number on unemployment schedule (which no longer exist); whether veteran of U.S. military or naval forces, if yes, which war or expedition; number on farm schedule.

The Alaskan schedule contained fewer questions and the official start date was 1 October 1929. The following questions were asked by enumerators: house number; number of dwelling in order of visitation; number of family in order of visitation; name of each person whose place of abode was with the family; relationship of person enumerated to the head of the family; sex; color or race; age at last birthday; whether single, married, widowed, or divorced; whether attended school any time since 1 January 1929; whether able to read or write; person's place of birth; father's place of birth; mother's place of birth; year of immigration to United States; whether naturalized or alien; whether able to speak English; trade, profession, or particular kind of work done; industry, business, or establishment in which at work; whether veteran of U.S. military or naval forces, if yes, which war or expedition.

Also for the first time a separate schedule was used for merchant seamen who served on U.S. flag vessels. The following were questions asked by enumerators: name of each person whose place of abode on 1 April 1930 was on board ship; sex; color or race; age at last birthday; single, married, widowed, or divorced; whether able to read or write; place of birth (if U.S. state or territory, if foreign, country of birth); naturalized or alien; whether able to speak English; trade, profession, or particular kind of work done (in this case the particular position of crewmember on board i.e., electrician, stewardess, cook, purser, etc.); whether veteran of U.S. military or naval forces, if yes, which war or expedition; address of wife or next of kin.

The date of the enumeration appears on the heading of each page of the census schedule. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 1 April 1930 (or 1 October 1929 for Alaska), even if the status had changed between the official start date and the day of enumeration. Children born between the official start date and the day of enumeration were not to be listed, while individuals alive on the official start date but deceased when the enumerator arrived were to be counted.

The 1930 census did not have questions specifically regarding Union or Confederate military service, number of children, or duration of marriage. It did, however, include several new question columns: whether the family owned a radio, the age at which a person was first married, and three columns regarding veteran status.

Due to boundary modifications in Europe resulting from World War I, some individuals were uncertain about how to identify their national origin. Enumerators were instructed to spell out the name of the city, state, province, or region of respondents who declared that they or their parents had been born in Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Russia, or Turkey. They were to try to establish the country in which the birthplace now lay. Interpretation of the birthplace varied from one enumerator to another. Some failed to identify specific birthplaces within those named countries, and others provided an exact birthplace in countries not designated in the instructions. For the 1930, distinction was made between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland, and also between Canada-French and Canada-English.

There are no separate Indian population schedules in the 1930 census. Inhabitants of reservations were enumerated in the general population schedules but some minor differences in reporting were used: in place of country of birth for the father, the degree of Indian blood was listed and for the country of birth for the mother the tribe was listed. Enumerators were instructed not to report servicemen in the family enumerations but to treat them as residents of their duty posts. The 1930 census includes schedules for overseas military and naval forces. .

Enumeration district numbering was altered for 52 of the 56 states and territories enumerated. Within each state, each county was assigned a number based on the alphabetical order of the county. That number would then be followed by the specific enumeration numbers for that county: i.e., 1-1, 1-23, 5-2, 10-73. American Samoa, the Canal Zone, Guam, and the Virgin Islands did not use this system.

Sometimes no one lived in an Enumeration District, in which case the enumerator wrote "no population" on the sheet. These unpopulated EDs were not included in the filming of the 1930 census. A list of the districts not included on the film is available at the National Archives website N.A.R.A.

The microfilm images may have defects that affect legibility. The original schedules have been destroyed.

Taken from 1930 Federal Population Census: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm, National Archives Trust Fund Board (Washington, DC, 2002).

 Census Records
 • 1930 Census Index
 • 1920 Census Index
 • 1910 Census Index
 • 1900 Census Index
 • 1890 Census Index
 • 1880 Census Index
 • 1870 Census Index
 • 1860 Census Index
 • 1850 Census Index
 • 1840 Census Index
 • 1830 Census Index
 • 1820 Census Index
 • 1810 Census Index
 • 1800 Census Index
 • 1790 Census Index



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